What causes Bunions and what treatments are available ?
I have terrible feet ! I was born with a bent baby toe and at the age of 14 I had developed what was diagnosed as an arthritic toe joint. Researching for this article I am now wondering whether it is infact a Bunion.
I love summer but the only footwear that I find comfortable are flip-flops or trainers!
A Bunion is a bony lump that occurs at the base of the big toe at the point it attaches to the foot. Often the big toe bends towards the others . When this happens the base of the big toe pushes out on the bone directly behind the big toe ( TheMetatarsal) causing a Bunion.
Because they occur where the toe bends during walking ,the entire body weight rests on them very time you take a step. Bunions can be extremely painful. Calluses may also occur due to to excess pressure and friction from shoes.
If you think you have a Bunion it is normally obvious to your doctor due to the shape and pain but they will usually send you for X-rays to assess the extent of the deformity. Blood tests may also be requested to rule out arthritis.
Based on the results your doctor can determine whether you need orthopaedic shoes, medication, surgery or other treatment.
Treatments available include:
- prescription or over-the-counter pain reliever,
- A heat pad or warm foot bath may also help relieve the immediate pain and discomfort.
- ice packs
- change to well-fitting shoes
- devices that are used to improve and realign the bones of your foot), including bunion pads, splints, or other shoe inserts
- Surgery may be recommended for some bunions, known as a bunionectomy where the bones are re-aligned.