There are several types of brain scans to diagnose dementia by doctors which include;
- CT or CAT scans are a way of taking pictures of the brain using X-rays and a computer. The full name for a CAT scan is computerised axial tomography
- MRI scans create an image of the brain using radio signals produced by the body in response to the effects of a very strong magnet contained within the scanner.The technical name for an MRI scan is magnetic resonance imaging.
- SPECT scans measure the blood flow through the brain rather than look at the structure of the brain.
CT and MRI scans may show brain shrinkage and SPECT and PET scans may show areas of loss of function. Memory tests can also show problems in particular areas. The pattern of these changes helps to diagnose the cause of the dementia.